10 expressions françaises de la vie quotidienne et leur équivalent anglais 5

Language of the Week: Malay-Indonesian

Apa kabar (hello!)

In recent years, travel to exotic south Asian countries has become increasingly popular. Indonesia being no exception. The official language is Bahasa Indonesia, meaning “language of Indonesia” and is actually a standardized dialect of Malay.

What most don’t know is that before 1930’s Indonesia was colonized by the Dutch, therefore, the Latin alphabet was introduced to the Indonesian writing system and some Dutch spellings were used. This alphabet was called ejaan lama (Old script). After the independence movement in the 1930’s the Indonesian language was standardized and the name Bahasa Indonesia was adopted.

In 1972, a set of official changes to the Indonesian alphabet were introduced and here is the alphabet as it appears today:


Due to its diverse history, in the Indonesian language, there are words borrowed from Europe, the Middle East and Asia. There are loanwords of Sanskrit origin, Arabic origin, Chinese origin, Portuguese origin and Dutch origin.

And of course, I always leave you with a few beginner phrases to get you started:

Good morning.Selamat pagi.
Good byeSelamat tinggal.
Thank you.Terima kasih.
Excuse me.Maaf.
I am sorry.Maafkan saya.



Selamat tinggal(bye !)


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